What Is Monitor Contrast Ratio? – Here’s What You Need to Know

What Is Monitor Contrast Ratio

Admit it. We all have set the display brightness at some point. Display setting of your monitor that adjusts the accuracy of coloration, hues, brightness and all have a major role towards impressive visual quality. But do you know what monitor contrast ratio is?  And let me tell you, contrast ratio plays a major role especially for playing competitive fast-paced games in real-time.

It is a matter of common observation that when you are watching a movie or playing a game in a dark room, there are darker scenes in the media that should be well-balanced in view of the human eye. In fact everything that has to do with the rapid display changing lean on contrast ratio.

Additionally, before opting for best video and photo editing monitors, you need to know the backdrop of how it works, its precise adjustments, and the approach towards each monitor size.  In this article, we shall shed light on the contrast ratio of the monitor and  take an all-inclusive note on the monitor contrast ratio to understand its working science!

Contrast Ratio of Monitors

Contrast ratio is actually the relation or balance between the bright whites and dark blacks’ hues that you see on your monitor’s screen. If you have set the monitor at a higher contrast ratio the result would be in deeper black colors. The way you set the contrast ratio can never be the same for all pictures and videos.

The contrast ratio of 1000:1 (read as one thousand to one) indicates that a complete white image is 1000 folds bringers in comparison with the black image. The bigger first numbers make sure the real and natural image to color relation. 

There are LCDs with the advanced technology within and the OLED screens with 7000:1 are more marketable for that very factor. It greatly affects the picture quality and for fast-paced media you get rapid adjustment.

From maximum brightness of whites to the minimal darkest to black, the journey is simply, contrast ratio!

Ideal contrast ratios:

  •         Contrast ratio for gaming: 1,000:1 to 3000:1
  •         Contrast ratio for photo /video editing:  800:1 ratio or higher

Measuring Contrast Ratio

LCD monitors incorporate the liquid crystal for the flow of light. However the backlight bleed is the unspoken factor that is always there since the technology is not perfect in all respects. Therefore, some of the backlit bleed still remains there even if it is at least an amount.

For the ideal measurement, we target that light which passes when a pixel is in it’s off- state of non-active form. Contrast is usually projected as X: 1, because contrast is a ratio so there is no unit of it. And X shows how many times a white is brighter than black. The brightest luminance divided by the darkest luminance is what we get the ratio in candelas per square meter (cd/m2). For instance, in a 4000:1 ratio the white is 98 cd/m2 and black is 0.02.

Significance of Contrast Ratio For Different Environments

Since the monitor colors and hues somewhat depend on the outer environment as well, the contrast ratio instantly sets the darker scene of playing media (games, movies, video, etc.) into perfect form when you are sitting in a darker opaque room. For ideal contrast ratio, a checkerboard pattern is used by estimating the luminosity of both black and white color.

When you are playing a fast-paced game, or maybe watching a thrilling movie you see a lot of scenes with rapid changes. For that, the monitor’s contrast ratio wisely sets the brightness accordingly. For a wider range of black and white color, the contrast ratio allows deep, rich and true-to-life hues with the precise shadow details.

Besides, for photo and video editing, and CAD using a monitor, the contrast ratio holds its significance. Mainly the contrast ratio becomes absolutely noticeable and valuable in dark rooms with playing media. With the increasing trend of home theater, the contrast ratio is important to be in your LCD or monitor where ambient light may become an adverse factor for proper image quality.

What is the Best Contrast Ratio?

Hopefully by now you have got the idea about a higher contrast ratio.  And it tells you the insights about the blacks and white levels of your display monitors as well as said before; the higher number should be preferred. And 500:1 is what tells you that maximized value of white as with black. Keep in mind that the type of display monitor greatly depends on how far a display can get dark. 

Higher contrast ratio is a guarantee towards crystal-clear image formation with the detail in every frame. For LED-lit LCDs and monitors, the bright light through the TFT layer is compulsory for proper image formation. For contrast ratio, the higher number means deep and rich black and hence premium quality image becomes ensured. 

The contrast ratio is an important part for a monitor. And it particularly makes a crucial presence in a darker room where you are working related to photo or video editing. Besides, playing games and watching movies with better image quality is also related to the higher contrast ratio.

That said, a low contrast ratio is also useful depending on the working environment. For instance, in an office space, the projector to monitor with the lower contrast ratio would be sufficient Conversely, a darker room demands a higher contrast ratio monitor in order to showcase perfect graphics, visuals and colors..

What is the Dynamic Contrast Ratio?

Dynamic contrast ratio is the overall rating for measuring television image quality. The major difference between the monitor contrast ratio is the ability to emit peak bright white and peak dark black. On the other hand the dynamic contrast ratio is the difference between the darkest black and brightest whites in view of different display settings.


Undoubtedly, the contrast ratio is an important part for a monitor. And it particularly makes a crucial presence in a darker room where you are working related to photo or video editing. Besides, playing games and watching movies with better image quality is also related to the higher contrast ratio.